Vitamins for Kids
Vitamins support metabolism, participate in the functioning of almost all organs and body systems – nervous, endocrine, gastrointestinal, etc.
Most vitamins are not produced in the body. They must be regularly taken with food, fruits, and vegetables, or with vitamin complexes. Lack of vitamins can especially affect the normal development of children. A growing body needs more vitamins.
What vitamins are best to choose for kids?
If a child has a deficiency of vitamins, the selection of the necessary drug can be difficult. Today, pharmacies offer a large number of kids’ vitamin complexes. Only a doctor can choose the right drug, taking into account the needs of your child’s body. It is also necessary to take into account possible contraindications and side effects.
In their composition, different types of vitamins can be used:
- monocomponent, i.e. contain only one of the vitamins, for example, vitamins C, D, K, etc.
- multivitamins – preparations containing several vitamins at the same time;
- complexes of vitamins and minerals – preparations that simultaneously contain both vitamins and minerals (for example, ferrum, calcium, manganese, zinc, copper).
There are various forms of vitamin preparations release. These can be tablets, syrups, chewable pastes, marmalade figures, soluble effervescent tablets, lozenges.
Start taking vitamins not in the season of the epidemic of viral diseases but before its onset. In summer, it is better to give preference to fresh fruits and vegetables. Vitamins must be taken in courses, but not on an ongoing basis, which is a common mistake of parents. There will be no benefit from the long-lasting use of vitamins. Excess water-soluble vitamins will be excreted in the urine, while fat-soluble vitamins will absorb in the body’s tissues and can cause toxic effects.
Each of the vitamins performs a specific function in the body. Therefore, a lack of any of the vitamins leads to certain symptoms. For example, a deficiency of vitamin C can be suspected with bleeding gums, loosening of teeth, and frequent colds. Pale skin, tongue ulcers, general weakness can develop with a lack of vitamin B12. However, it is possible to determine exactly which vitamins are deficient in the child’s body. It is necessary to make a test of the vitamin-mineral blood composition.
Vitamin complexes should be selected only after consultation with a doctor.
Children are much more likely to catch an infection than adults. They are more difficult to tolerate ARVI and take longer to recover. It happens because the child’s immunity has not yet formed. Doctors recommend supplementing the diet with vitamin complexes in order to reduce the disease and accelerate recovery. The vitamins and minerals that support the protective forces of a child include:
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid several times increases the body’s resistance to various viruses and bacteria. It also promotes wound healing, has antioxidant properties, and protects against various toxins. This vitamin has beneficial effects on many organs and systems;
Vitamin A or beta-carotene is a powerful antioxidant. It protects cells from various kinds of damage, interferes with aging processes, strengthens eyesight and supports healthy skin and mucous membranes;
Vitamin D plays an important role in strengthening the immune system. This vitamin is produced in the child’s body under the influence of the sun. It helps the absorption of calcium, contributes to the normal development of the bone skeleton and prevents the development of rickets.
Vitamin E protects the body from the harmful effects of free radicals. These aggressive compounds damage the cells and lead to their death. Vitamin E is able to protect the body from cardiovascular and oncological diseases.
Vitamin D is necessary for the normal growth and development of the bone skeleton and teeth, the prevention of rickets. Vitamin D helps to absorb calcium and phosphorus. This vitamin is produced in the body under the influence of the sun and exists in two types D2 and D3. D2 or ergocalciferol enters the body of a child with plant food, and D3 – cholecalciferol, is produced in the body under the influence of the sun.
The daily intake of vitamin D is:
- for newborns – 400 ME;
- for children over 1 year old – 600 ME;
- children over 12 years old – 1000 ME.
- Vitamin D preparations are released in the form of oily and aqueous solutions, as well as chewing lozenges.
- An oily solution of vitamin D is better absorbed by the body. It is usually used for medicinal purposes;
- An aqueous solution of vitamin D is better to use as prophylaxis;
- Chewing lozenges – can be given to children from 3 years old.
- In addition to vitamin D, the preparation contains other vitamins and minerals.
The most important property of vitamin C is the strengthening of immunity. With sufficient use of this vitamin, the frequency of infectious diseases in a child decreases. This vitamin is useful for almost the entire body, as it takes part in the work of many organs and systems. Vitamin C:
- strengthens the walls of blood vessels;
- protects against toxins;
- participates in the synthesis of collagen – a protein that is part of cartilage, bones;
- participates in the absorption of iron and folic acid;
- regulates blood coagulation processes, etc;
- promotes rapid healing of wounds and recovery after surgery.
The daily dose of vitamin C for children:
- under 1 year old is 30 mg;
- from 1 to 3 years old – 40 mg;
- from 3-12 years old – 45 mg;
- adolescents – 60 mg.
During illness or with a deficiency of ascorbic acid, higher dosages can be taken.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble substance that is also called tocopherol. The main function is to protect cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. In addition, vitamin E:
- strengthens the body’s defenses;
- promotes tissue regeneration;
- supports the normal function of the nervous system;
- normalizes blood pressure;
- promotes the normal development of muscle tissue.
A lack of vitamin E can result in a decrease in immunity, an increase in morbidity. Vitamin E is often prescribed for premature babies.
The daily norm of tocopherol for children:
- under 1 year is 3 mg;
- up to 2 years – 6 mg;
- up to 10 years – 7 mg;
- over 11 years old – up to 10 mg.